By no means is there just a single situation. Of course our vision of the world often outweighs the historical vision of the world over millenia. But to say religious patronage in the Arabic Caliphates, Western Europe, South East Asia are again contradictions to this perceived modern belief. And these are just more well known examples. The Maya for example believed that advances "In the works and knowledge of Man" were driven by the gods and a form of worship to some of them. The ceremonial and religious purposes of our calender led to the growth of new styles of quarrying and studying of our solar system.